Harad is a medium size tree. The upper part of Harad is of a round shape. Its branches spread in all directions. The stem of harad is small and some straight. Its leaves start falling in November and ends in middle February- March. The new leaves of harad start growing from March to the end of May. These leaves are of light green and copper color. Its fruit has a substance like tannin in the form of Payrogalo-tannins. Harad also has Galo-tannic (6-30%) named acid. The tannic acid present in the pulp of the fruit of harad. The fruit has a resin named green oleoresin (Myrobalan). The kernel of the fruit of Haritaki does not contain any tannin.
Terminalia Chebula finds in India in large quantity. It is available in North India, Punjab, Kangra, Bengal, Assam, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Awadh and South India.
Following are the contents we will unveil in this topic.
- Names Of Harad in Different Languages
- Types of Harad
- Qualities of Harad
- How to Use Harad in Different Forms?
- How to Use Harad to Prepare Triphala?
- Benefits of Harad
- Side Effects of Harad
Ayurveda has explained many characteristics and benefits of Myrobalan. The first chapter of Granth ‘Bhav Prakash Nighantu’ (Dictionary) has been named on ‘Haritaki Yadi Vargh’. This chapter explains about Haritaki. In relation to harad, Daksh Prajapati has told to Ashwani Kumars
“Pappat Bindu Maredeniyam Shakrasey Pipto Amritam
Tato Divya Samut Patra Sapt Jati Haritaki”
It means in the past when Indra Devta was drinking Amrit. Some drops of that Amrit had fallen on earth. Due to this haritaki grew on that part of the earth.
Names of Harad in Different Languages
Myrobalan has different types of names in relation to area and language.
In the Sanskrit language, Harad has been defined as Haritaki (Hari), Abhya (Fearless), Pathya (Saven Yogya), Kayastha (Sharir ko Dharn Kane Vali), Putna (Pavitra Karne Vali), Amrita (Amrit Ke Sman), Hemvati (Himalaya Par Hone Vali), Avaytha (Vaytha Nashak), Chetaki (Chetan Karne Vali), Shreyasi (Shresth), Shiva (Kalyan Karne Vali), Vaystha (Ayu Sthapak), Vijaya (Rogo Ko Jitne Vali), Jivanti (Jivan Dayani), Rohini (Ropan Karne Vali). These are the names of Harad according to its qualities.
Botanical Name: Terminalia chebula, Myrobalan
Sanskrit Name: Haritaki
Hindi Name: Harad, Harar
Marathi Name: Harada
Gujarati Name: Harade
Bengal Name: Haritaki
Kanad Name: Anilay
Telugu Name: Karkavap, Karkai
Tamil Name: Kadukakai, Kadake
Persian Name: Halil
English Name: Myrobalans
Types of Harad
Ancient Indian Ayurveda has mentioned seven types of Myrobalans. All these types are available in different places. But now only 2-3 types of haritaki are available in the market. These types of myrobalan are as following.
#1 Vijaya – Useful for all diseases and found in Vindhya mountains.
#2 Rohini – Its fruit is circular in shape. It helps in healing of the wounds. It is found in the Pratishtanaka.
#3 Putana – This type of haritaki found in Sindh area. Its fruit has big seeds and used for external use only.
#4 Amruta – It is available in the Bhagalpur and Champa region. Amruta myrobalan fruit has pulp consistency. It is thick and used in the detoxification process.
#5 Abhaya – This type of myrobalan is found in the region of Bhagalpur and Champa. Its fruit has creases in the skin and uses in eye disorders.
#6 Jivanti – Myrobalan is found in the Saurashtra region of Gujarat. Fruit is yellow in color and cures all type of health problems.
#7 Chetaki – It is available in the Himachal Pradesh. The skin of the fruit has three creases and used in purification of the body.
Out of all varieties of myrobalans, Vijayta variety of harad is considered as best for the human body. According to the Dravya Gun Vigyan Grantha, myrobalans are of three types.
Chotti Harad or Kali Harad
Yellow Harad or Jarad Harad
Badi Harad or Kabuli Harad
These three types of harad are the fruits of the same tree. They are different according to their conditions.
Chotti Harad or Kali Harad
The unripe fruits of Terminalia Chebula are soft and have fallen or plucked from the tree. The fruit does not contain core (guthali). It is black in color and named as Chotti Harad.
Yellow Harad or Jarad Harad
When the core grew under the unripened fruit it is called as Yellow harad or Jarad harad. The ripened fruits are named as Yellow harad or Jarad harad.
Badi Harad or Kabuli Harad
The haritaki which is new, greasy, thick, round, heavy in weight. And can dip in the water properly. It is named as Badi harad or Kabuli harad. It is a big harad and one of the best qualities. The harad which have all these qualities and of 20 gm in weight. It is the best.
Choti harad proves useful to cure stomach related problems. Badi harad is used to make Triphala. It has Rasayana qualities as it is used according to different seasons.
Qualities of Harad
According to the ancient science of Ayurveda Terminalia Chebula consists of seven types of qualities. The qualities of harad are considered equal to the qualities of Amrit.
Myrobalan has Five tastes except for salt taste i.e. Sweet, Pungent, Bitter, Astringent and Sour tastes. But the astringent is the dominant taste. Its potency is hot and it is dry in nature. Haritaki increases the digestion power or ignites the fire of digestive system i.e. Jathar Agni. It is useful to increase the intellectual power. Terminalia Chebula has a sweet taste after chewing. It is anti-aging, useful for eyes and maintains a healthy body. Haritaki pacifies the Vāyu (Vata) dosha. It is an ayurvedic panacea for Asthma, Cold, Cough, Diabetes, Piles, Leprosy, Inflammation, Digestion Problems, Worms, Diarrhea, Constipation, Typhoid or chronic fever, Stomach Bloating, Ulcer, Vomiting, Hiccups, Heart and Throat related problems. It also cures Jaundice, Pain, Stones, Liver Diseases, Urinary problems.
Terminalia Chebula balances the three doshas – Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. Because of its sweet, pungent and astringent taste, it balances the Pitta Dosha. Haritaki balances Kapha dosha due to its astringent, bitter and pungent taste. Harad’s sour taste helps in balancing the Vata Dosha.
The pulp of haritaki has a sweet taste. The tissue of myrobalan has a sour taste. Branches of harad have a bitter taste. The skin of Terminalia chebula has a pungent taste. And its seed has an astringent taste.
Harad as a Rejuvenator and Use of Harad According to Different Seasons
According to the ancient science of Ayurveda, myrobalan is used with reference to six seasons. If the person takes harad regularly with different seasons. Then Terminalia Chebula will act as a Rejuvenator. Following are the uses of harad for different seasons.
Pre-Winter Season (Hemant Ritu)
In this season you will take haritaki with ginger or saunth (dry ginger).
Autumn Season (Sharad Ritu)
In the sharad ritu, you will take Terminalia Chebula with sugar or shakkar.
Monson Season (Varsa Ritu or Rainy)
In monsoon season you will take the harad with rock salt (Sendha Namak).
Summer Season (Gresham Ritu)
In the season of summer, you can take myrobalan with jaggery.
Spring Season ( Vasant Ritu)
In the season of spring, you can take the powder of harad with honey.
Winter Season (Shishir Ritu)
In this season you can take the harad with Pippali – Piper longum or in common language Magha.
How to Use Harad in Different Forms?
As mentioned in the Bhav Prakash Nighantu Terminalia Chebula can be used in various forms to cure many diseases.
# If you chew the haritaki with teeth. It will increase the digestion power i.e. Jathar Agni.
# If you take powder of myrobalan with water. It will help in cleansing the bowels system.
# By boiling the Terminalia Chebula in water. It will help in the curation of diarrhea syndrome.
# If you use the fried harad. Then it will help in the balancing of tridosha i.e. Vata, Pitta, and Kapha doshas.
# If you take the haritaki after the meal. It will increase the intellectual power and strengthen the body.
# It will also help in the detoxification of the body. Take the harad after the meal. It will cure the food poisoning.
# If the Terminalia Chebula is taken with rock salt. It will balance the Kapha Dosha.
# If the myrobalan is taken with the sugar or shakkar. It will balance the Pitta Dosha.
# If the haritaki is fried in the desi ghee or clarified butter. It will balance the Vata Dosha.
# If you will take the haritaki with jaggery daily. It will cure all types of diseases.
Use of Harad to Prepare Triphala Powder
Harad is the main constituent of Triphala. Triphala consists of three fruits i.e. Harad, Behda and Amla. Triphala considered as the panacea for all body ailments in Ayurveda. The ratio in which Triphala should made is 1:2:3. It means 1 harad, 2 behda, 3 amlas should use to make Triphala. Use big harad for making Triphala. Take one-part shell (Chilka) powder of the big harad. Two-part shell powder of behda. Three-part amla powder. Mix all ingredients and take half teaspoonful of Triphala with jaggery or honey daily to cure all ailments of the body. The Triphala prepared at home is more effective than the Triphala available in the market.
Benefits of Harad and Use of Haritaki as a Herbal Medicine
Ayurveda has described the form and outline of Terminalia Chebula. Harad is considered equal to our mother. It is said
“Haritaki Manushayana Matev Hit Karni
Kada Chit Kupayate Mata Nod Rashta Haritaki”
It means haritaki is beneficial for humans like a mother. Some times a mother gets angry. But when a human takes myrobalan it does not irate.
Mata Yasya Grihe Nasit, Tasya Mata Hritaki
It means a Person who has not a mother, Harad is the mother of that person. As the mother nurtures her child, haritaki also nourishes our body like a mother.
Following are the benefits of Terminalia Chebula and its use as a herbal medicine.
Take equal quantity of Terminalia chebula, cloves (Laung) and rock salt to increase the digestion power. When the fruit is chewed. It will mix with the saliva. And produced the various digestion enzymes that will increase the digestion power.
To increase the digestion power. You can also take harad powder, saunth powder (dried ginger) and jaggery in equal amount before the meal.
To make a strong digestive system and to cure indigestion. Take haritaki powder, magha powder, and rock salt in an equal amount.
To get relief from the stomach worms. You can take the Terminalia chebula powder with the Vay Vading. The action of these two ingredients will kill the worms.
To heal the pain, size, and itching of hemorrhoids. Take an equal amount of myrobalan, butter, and mishri. You get immediate relief from it.
For hemorrhoids, you can also take an equal amount of harad powder, saunth and rock salt.
To get relief from the pain of arthritis. Take Haritaki, Saunth, Nisottar (Indian Jalap), Magha and black salt in equal quantity. And mix all these ingredients. Take 2-3 gm of mixture regularly for 2-3 months. You can see the results.
You can also take haritaki powder with castor oil to cure the Vata Dosha and arthritis.
Use haritaki powder and rock salt in an equal amount. It will cure the cough related problems during rainy reason.
Harad is anti-inflammatory in nature. Take myrobalan, jaggery, and desi ghee or clarified butter in an equal amount. It will cure any type of pain and swelling.
Bile Acids or Acidity
For bile acids or acidity. Take an equal amount of Terminalia chebula and munakka i.e. dried grape daily. It will relieve the problem of bile acids (Amal Pitt).
To handle the problem of diarrhea. You should take harad powder with roasted cumin powder in equal quantity.
You can also cure diarrhea by taking the haritaki powder, saunth powder (dried ginger) and nagar mautha in equal quantity.
In chronic fever you can take the myrobalan powder, Indrajau (Kadwa) and jaggery in equal quantity. It will give relief from the fever immediately.
For jaundice, you can take haritaki powder and Tinospora (Giloy) powder with buttermilk.
You can also cure the jaundice disease by taking the harad pulp with the aloe vera juice. It will relieve from jaundice within 15 days.
You can also take aloe vera juice, harad and Tinospora i.e. giloy in an equal amount. It will cure jaundice related health diseases.
Stomach Pain and Appetite
Use haritaki powder, Magha (Pippali) and Black salt in an equal amount. It will provide immediate relief from stomach pain and appetite.
For Vata dosha, you can take the harad powder roasted in the desi ghee or clarified butter.
Terminalia chebula is a famous medicine for constipation. Take 2 gm powder of haritaki shell (Chilka) with hot water. It will provide relief immediately from constipation.
You can also take an equal quantity of harad powder, saunth powder (Dried Ginger) and rock salt for immediate relief from constipation.
To cure constipation you can take the haritakipowder and magha powder in equal amount. Make a mixture of this. Now take this mixture after the meal with hot water.
The piles are treated with haritaki powder and the rind of the fruit (namoli) of the neem. Take them in equal parts and grind them. Now take 2 gm of this mixture with hot water two times a day in the morning and in the evening.
Terminalia Chebula is beneficial for children who are suffering from chest problems, phelgm and congestion. Grind the shell of haritaki on pestle and mortar with water. And wipe the paste in the bowl. Put small two pinches of haldi (turmeric) in that paste. Mix some sugar or honey in the paste. Hot the mixture and give it to the children or adults two-three times a day. The mixture will cure all the phlegm related problems.
For Excess Use of Liquor
Boil the shell powder of the haritaki with milk to cure the liquor problems.
To Remove the Ill Effect of Nutmeg
Take the powder of Myrobalan shell with hot water. It is the best treatment for the ill effect of the nutmeg. It cures the problem immediately.
Take the 3 gm of myrobalan powder three times a day. It will give relief from the gastric related problems.
It is very useful to cure skin diseases. Take 5 gm haritaki powder after the 15 minutes of dinner for six months to treat any type of skin disease. Avoid any oily or spicy food during this treatment.
If you use Terminalia Chebula after a meal. It will maintain and boost the resistance power of your body. Take a harad and cut into small pieces. Suck the small piece of it for 1-2 hours. After this don’t throw it. You can gulp it easily.
Problems Related to Infants
Take skin powder of haritaki with hot water daily. It will cure common problems in children.
Stomach Related problems
Take Myrobalan shell powder, leaves of Tulsi, rock salt, carom seeds (Ajwain). Make a powder. Take it with the hot water. It will relieve stomach related problems very well.
Side Effects of Harad
Although harad has tremendous health benefits. But it has some side effects also. Haritaki is prohibited for a person who is tired. People who have a weak immune system and strength. Those who have fasted for a long time. People who are suffering from Pitta Dosha. Pregnant women and lactating mothers should also avoid Myrobalan.
A person who goes through bloodletting treatment and before or after menstruation. People who have a lean body. And those who indulge in excess alcohol and sexual activities. A person who has a dry throat, dry mouth. And suffering from indigestion, fever severe thirst, hunger. Haritaki is prohibited for infants up to 5 years. Sometimes Terminalia Chebula causes abdominal pain to people who cannot tolerate heat and has a gastric problem.
Note: Whenever you want to consume haritaki to cure a disease. Take 1-6 gm of its powder with equal quantity of another ingredient like jaggery, sugar, rock salt etc. You can change the amount of myrobalan powder according to your experience after its use of 3-4 days. It is better to take the advice of the Ayurvedic doctor while consuming harad and its dose.
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